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Bill > HR1044

Introduced
02/07/2019

In Committee
09/17/2019

Crossed Over
07/11/2019

Passed

Dead/Failed
12/31/2020

Introduced Session

116th Congress

Bill Summary

Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act of 2019 Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act of 2019 This bill increases the per-country cap on family-based immigrant visas from 7% of the total number of such visas available that year to 15%, and eliminates the 7% cap for employment-based immigrant visas. It also removes an offset that reduced the number of visas for individuals from China. The bill also establishes transition rules for employment-based visas from FY2020-FY2022, by reserving a percentage of EB-2 (workers with advanced degrees or exceptional ability), EB-3 (skilled and other workers), and EB-5 (investors) visas for individuals not from the two countries with the largest number of recipients of such visas. Of the unreserved visas, not more than 85% shall be allotted to immigrants from any single country.

Subject

Foreign labor Immigration status and procedures Visas and passports

Sponsors (312)

Zoe Lofgren (D)*,   Alma Adams (D),   Peter Aguilar (D),   Colin Allred (D),   Mark Amodei (R),   Kelly Armstrong (R),   Cindy Axne (D),   Don Bacon (R),   James Baird (R),   Troy Balderson (R),   Jim Banks (R),   Andy Barr (R),   Nanette Barragan (D),   Karen Bass (D),   Joyce Beatty (D),   Ami Bera (D),   Donald Beyer (D),   Gus Bilirakis (R),   Rob Bishop (R),   Sanford Bishop (D),   Earl Blumenauer (D),   Suzanne Bonamici (D),   Mike Bost (R),   Brendan Boyle (D),   Anthony Brindisi (D),   Susan Brooks (R),   Anthony Brown (D),   Julia Brownley (D),   Kenneth Buck (R),   Larry Bucshon (R),   Ted Budd (R),   G.K. Butterfield (D),   Bradley Byrne (R),   Ken Calvert (R),   Salud Carbajal (D),   Tony Cardenas (D),   Andre Carson (D),   Matthew Cartwright (D),   Kathy Castor (D),   Joaquin Castro (D),   Judy Chu (D),   David Cicilline (D),   Gilbert Cisneros (D),   Katherine Clark (D),   Yvette Clarke (D),   Lacy Clay (D),   Emanuel Cleaver (D),   Benjamin Cline (R),   Steve Cohen (D),   Tom Cole (R),   James Comer (R),   Gerry Connolly (D),   Paul Cook (R),   Jim Cooper (D),   Lou Correa (D),   Jim Costa (D),   Joe Courtney (D),   T.J. Cox (D),   Angela Craig (D),   Daniel Crenshaw (R),   Jason Crow (D),   Elijah Cummings (D),   John Curtis (R),   Sharice Davids (D),   Danny Davis (D),   Rodney Davis (R),   Susan Davis (D),   Madeleine Dean Cunnane (D),   Peter DeFazio (D),   Diana DeGette (D),   Rosa DeLauro (D),   Suzan DelBene (D),   Antonio Delgado (D),   Valdez Demings (D),   Mark DeSaulnier (D),   Scott DesJarlais (R),   Ted Deutch (D),   Deborah Dingell (D),   Lloyd Doggett (D),   Mike Doyle (D),   Thomas Emmer (R),   Eliot Engel (D),   Veronica Escobar (D),   Anna Eshoo (D),   Adriano Espaillat (D),   Ron Estes (R),   Dwight Evans (D),   Abby Finkenauer (D),   Brian Fitzpatrick (R),   Chuck Fleischmann (R),   Elizabeth Fletcher (D),   Bill Flores (R),   Bill Foster (D),   Lois Frankel (D),   Russell Fulcher (R),   Tulsi Gabbard (D),   Ruben Gallego (D),   John Garamendi (D),   Jesus Garcia (D),   Sylvia Garcia (D),   Greg Gianforte (R),   Bob Gibbs (R),   Jared Golden (D),   Jimmy Gomez (D),   Anthony Gonzalez (R),   Vicente Gonzalez (D),   Jenniffer Gonzalez Colon (R),   Lance Gooden (R),   Josh Gottheimer (D),   Kay Granger (R),   Sam Graves (R),   Al Green (D),   Mark Green (R),   Glenn Grothman (R),   Michael Guest (R),   Brett Guthrie (R),   James Hagedorn (R),   Josh Harder (D),   Vicky Hartzler (R),   Alcee Hastings (D),   Jahana Hayes (D),   Dennis Heck (D),   Kevin Hern (R),   Jaime Herrera Beutler (R),   Jody Hice (R),   Brian Higgins (D),   French Hill (R),   Katherine Hill (D),   Jim Himes (D),   Kendra Horn (D),   Steven Horsford (D),   Chrissy Houlahan (D),   Jared Huffman (D),   Duncan Hunter (R),   Will Hurd (R),   Sheila Jackson Lee (D),   Pramila Jayapal (D),   Hakeem Jeffries (D),   Bill Johnson (R),   Eddie Johnson (D),   Hank Johnson (D),   John Katko (R),   William Keating (D),   Mike Kelly (R),   Robin Kelly (D),   Trent Kelly (R),   Joseph Kennedy (D),   Rohit Khanna (D),   Dan Kildee (D),   Derek Kilmer (D),   Andrew Kim (D),   Ron Kind (D),   Peter King (R),   Adam Kinzinger (R),   Ann Kirkpatrick (D),   Raja Krishnamoorthi (D),   Doug LaMalfa (R),   Conor Lamb (D),   Doug Lamborn (R),   Jim Langevin (D),   Rick Larsen (D),   John Larson (D),   Brenda Lawrence (D),   Alfred Lawson (D),   Barbara Lee (D),   Susie Lee (D),   Debbie Lesko (R),   Andy Levin (D),   Mike Levin (D),   Ted Lieu (D),   Daniel Lipinski (D),   Billy Long (R),   Alan Lowenthal (D),   Blaine Luetkemeyer (R),   Elaine Luria (D),   Stephen Lynch (D),   Tom Malinowski (D),   Carolyn Maloney (D),   Sean Maloney (D),   Roger Marshall (R),   Thomas Massie (R),   Doris Matsui (D),   Ben McAdams (D),   Lucy McBath (D),   Michael McCaul (R),   Betty McCollum (D),   A. Donald McEachin (D),   Jim McGovern (D),   Ann McLane Kuster (D),   Cathy McMorris Rodgers (R),   Jerry McNerney (D),   Gregory Meeks (D),   Grace Meng (D),   Paul Mitchell (I),   John Moolenaar (R),   Gwen Moore (D),   Joseph Morelle (D),   Seth Moulton (D),   Debbie Mucarsel-Powell (D),   Markwayne Mullin (R),   Stephanie Murphy (D),   Jerrold Nadler (D),   Grace Napolitano (D),   Richard Neal (D),   Joseph Neguse (D),   Daniel Newhouse (R),   Donald Norcross (D),   Ralph Norman (R),   Tom O'Halleran (D),   Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D),   Frank Pallone (D),   Jimmy Panetta (D),   Christopher Pappas (D),   Bill Pascrell (D),   Donald Payne (D),   Gregory Pence (R),   Ed Perlmutter (D),   Scott Perry (R),   Scott Peters (D),   Dean Phillips (D),   Chellie Pingree (D),   Mark Pocan (D),   Ayanna Pressley (D),   David Price (D),   Mike Quigley (D),   Jamie Raskin (D),   Tom Reed (R),   Guy Reschenthaler (R),   Kathleen Rice (D),   Cedric Richmond (D),   Denver Riggleman (R),   Lisa Rochester (D),   Phil Roe (R),   Hal Rogers (R),   Harley Rouda (D),   David Rouzer (R),   Bobby Rush (D),   John Rutherford (R),   Tim Ryan (D),   Linda Sanchez (D),   John Sarbanes (D),   Mary Scanlon (D),   Jan Schakowsky (D),   Adam Schiff (D),   Bradley Schneider (D),   Kurt Schrader (D),   Kim Schrier (D),   David Schweikert (R),   David Scott (D),   Jose Serrano (D),   Terri Sewell (D),   Donna Shalala (D),   Brad Sherman (D),   Mikie Sherrill (D),   Mike Simpson (R),   Albio Sires (D),   Elissa Slotkin (D),   Adam Smith (D),   Chris Smith (R),   Jason Smith (R),   Lloyd Smucker (R),   Darren Soto (D),   Abigail Spanberger (D),   Ross Spano (R),   Jackie Speier (D),   Greg Stanton (D),   Peter Stauber (R),   Elise Stefanik (R),   Bryan Steil (R),   Haley Stevens (D),   Chris Stewart (R),   Steve Stivers (R),   Thomas Suozzi (D),   Eric Swalwell (D),   Mark Takano (D),   Van Taylor (R),   Bennie Thompson (D),   Glenn Thompson (R),   Mike Thompson (D),   Mac Thornberry (R),   William Timmons (R),   Scott Tipton (R),   Dina Titus (D),   Paul Tonko (D),   Norma Torres (D),   Lori Trahan (D),   David Trone (D),   Fred Upton (R),   Jeff Van Drew (R),   Marc Veasey (D),   Filemon Vela (D),   Nydia Velazquez (D),   Pete Visclosky (D),   Ann Wagner (R),   Greg Walden (R),   Jackie Walorski (R),   Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D),   Steve Watkins (R),   Bonnie Watson Coleman (D),   Peter Welch (D),   Brad Wenstrup (R),   Bruce Westerman (R),   Jennifer Wexton (D),   Susan Wild (D),   Roger Williams (R),   Rob Wittman (R),   Steve Womack (R),   Rob Woodall (R),   Ronald Wright (R),   John Yarmuth (D),   Theodore Yoho (R),   Don Young (R),  

Last Action

Message on Senate action sent to the House. (on 12/03/2020)

Official Document

https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/1044/all-info

(4 Companion Bills)

Sours: https://www.billtrack50.com/BillDetail/1060943

Featured Issue: Legislation Impacting the Per-Country Numerical Limitation

AILA Doc. No. 19080632 | Dated June 3, 2021

In the Spotlight

AILA’s Position on the Elimination of Per-Country Limitations

AILA has been a long time, ardent supporter of the elimination of the per-country limitations for employment-based immigrants because individuals should become permanent residents based on the skills they bring to the United States and not their nationality. We believe that Congress must take action to provide fair redress to individuals who have been stuck in the immigrant visa backlog for decades, without adversely impacting others.

The EAGLE Act (H.R. 3648) does not strike the right balance of eliminating per-country limitations without adversely impacting others. Therefore, AILA does not support its passage and urges Congress to find an equitable solution for all individuals waiting for lawful permanent residence.

AILA will continue to champion, both legislatively and administratively, the principles outlined in the RELIEF Act (H.R. 5327: Resolving Extended Limbo for Immigrant Employers and Families Act) to ensure equitable and fair redress to individuals and their families while waiting for an immigrant visa to become available. These principles outline steps to bring real reform to our immigrant visa system, including exempting spouses and minor children of primary applicants from the immigrant visa quotas, enabling individuals to get the benefits of filing adjustment of status applications earlier, increasing the number of green cards over the next five years, protecting minor children from aging out, and eliminating the per country caps.


The EAGLE Act | Timeline of Events | Differing Perspectives | Resources

The EAGLE Act

On June 1, 2021, Representatives Lofgren (D-CA) and Curtis (R-UT) introduced the Equal Access to Green Cards for Legal Employment (EAGLE) Act of 2021 (H.R. 3648). This bill is modeled after the version of the Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act of 2019 (S. 386) that passed the Senate in December 2020.

This bill would:

  • Increase family-based per country limits from 7 percent to 15 percent.
  • Eliminate employment-based per country limitations.
    • Provides a 9-year transition period for the EB-2 and EB-3 preference categories.
    • Reserves 5.75 percent of visas for consular processing cases during the transition.
  • Reserve 4,400 EB-3 visas for nurses and Physical Therapists for the first 7 years.
  • Establish new H-1B petition and labor condition application requirements.
  • Create a temporary ability for certain nonimmigrants to file an adjustment of status (AOS) application even before a visa becomes immediately available if their I-140 petition has been approved for 2 years.

This bill does not include Sections 8 and 9 of S. 386, which sought to place a cap on AOS filings from H-1B or H-4 status and prohibited AOS for certain Chinese nationals.

If enacted, the bill would become effective on the first day of the second fiscal year after the date of enactment.

Read Text   Read Section-by-Section

AILA will continue to monitor any legislative activity related to these issues and provide updates on this page.

The Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act of 2019

On February 7, 2019, the Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act of 2019 was introduced in the House and Senate (H.R. 1044 / S. 386). This bill would have eliminated the per-country numerical limitation for all employment-based immigrants, and increase the per-country limitation for all family-sponsored immigrants from seven percent to 15 percent. On July 10, 2019, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act of 2019 (H.R. 1044) by a vote of 365 to 65. A modified version of H.R. 1044 (S. 386) was passed by unanimous consent in the Senate on December 2, 2020. AILA is providing the below summary of the major provisions in the two different versions of the bill. Because the differences in these bills were not reconciled by the House and Senate prior to the end of the 116th Session of Congress, this legislation failed. Provisions of this legislation were reintroduced in the EAGLE Act on June 1, 2021.

READ SUMMARY


Timeline of Events


Resources

While many of the below resources refer to the Fairness for High-Skilled Immigrants Act of 2019, they remain relevant and informative to the current legislation, as the EAGLE Act of 2021 has retained many provisions of the prior legislation.

AILA Resources

Related Legislation Impacting Per Country Numerical Limitation

Government Resources

  • Congressional Research Service: The Employment-Based Immigration Backlog - March 26, 2020
    • The analysis projects similar outcomes for all three employment-based categories: Indian, and to a lesser extent Chinese, nationals in the backlog would experience shorter wait times under S. 386 compared with current law. The bill would eliminate current EB1, EB2, and EB3 backlogs in 3, 17, and 7 years, respectively, with modest differences by country of origin. Subsequently, new prospective immigrants would receive green cards on a first-come, first-served basis with equal wait times within each category, regardless of origin country. By FY2030, EB1, EB2, and EB3 petition holders could expect to wait 7, 37, and 11 years, respectively.
  • Congressional Research Service: Permanent Employment-Based Immigration and the Per-Country Ceiling - December 21, 2018
    • Disclaimer: This report was published in December 2018 before H.R. 1044 was introduced. The report, therefore, fails to take into consideration several key features of H.R. 1044, including the "do no harm" provision for employment-based immigrants.
  • Congressional Research Service: Numerical Limits on Permanent Employment-Based Immigration: Analysis of the Per-Country Ceiling - July 28, 2016

Non-Governmental Resources

Resources on Immigrant Visa Backlog

Overview of the Per-Country Numerical Limitation on Immigrant Visa Issuances

Cite as AILA Doc. No. 19080632.

Sours: https://www.aila.org/advo-media/issues/all/featured-issue-legislation-impacting-per-country
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Actions

December 3, 2020Message on Senate action sent to the House.
December 2, 2020Passed Senate with an amendment by Voice Vote. (text of amendment in the nature of a substitute: CR S7183-7187)
December 2, 2020S.AMDT. 2690: Amendment SA 2690 agreed to in Senate by Unanimous Consent.
December 2, 2020Measure laid before Senate by unanimous consent. (consideration: CR S7170)
December 2, 2020S.AMDT. 2690: Amendment SA 2690 proposed by Senator Lee. (consideration: CR S7170; text: CR S7183-7187) In the nature of a substitute.
December 2, 2020S.AMDT. 2690: Amendment SA 2690 proposed by Senator Lee. In the nature of a substitute.
December 2, 2020Senate Committee on the Judiciary discharged by Unanimous Consent.
September 17, 2019S.AMDT. 939: Referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
July 11, 2019Received in the Senate and Read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
July 10, 2019
4:58 PM EDT
Motion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
July 10, 2019
4:58 PM EDT
Motion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.Action By: House of Representatives
July 10, 2019
4:57 PM EDT
On motion to suspend the rules and pass the bill, as amended Agreed to by the Yeas and Nays: (2/3 required): 365 - 65 (Roll no. 437). (text: CR H5323-5324)
July 10, 2019
4:48 PM EDT
Considered as unfinished business. (consideration: CR H5336)
Show Debate Speakers
July 10, 2019
3:24 PM EDT
At the conclusion of debate, the Yeas and Nays were demanded and ordered. Pursuant to the provisions of clause 8, rule XX, the Chair announced that further proceedings on the motion would be postponed.
July 10, 2019
3:24 PM EDT
At the conclusion of debate, the Yeas and Nays were demanded and ordered. Pursuant to the provisions of clause 8, rule XX, the Chair announced that further proceedings on the motion would be postponed.Action By: House of Representatives
July 10, 2019
2:51 PM EDT
DEBATE - The House proceeded with forty minutes of debate on H.R. 1044.
July 10, 2019
2:51 PM EDT
Considered under suspension of the rules. (consideration: CR H5323-5328)
July 10, 2019
2:51 PM EDT
Ms. Lofgren moved to suspend the rules and pass the bill, as amended.
July 10, 2019
2:51 PM EDT
Ms. Lofgren moved to suspend the rules and pass the bill, as amended.Action By: House of Representatives
June 18, 2019Motion to place bill on Consensus Calendar filed by Ms. Lofgren.
March 22, 2019Referred to the Subcommittee on Immigration and Citizenship.Action By: Committee on the Judiciary
February 7, 2019Referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary.
February 7, 2019Introduced in House
Show All 23 Actions
Sours: https://www.c-span.org/congress/bills/bill/?116/hr1044
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